Thank goodness we have amazing music in Bogotá and in Colombia! Honestly, I don’t know what would I do (or anyone) without some good melodies. I can’t name all the traditional music and dance genres we have in our country because I’ll never end, but here I’ll tell you about a very interesting one called bambuco!
Though much of our music is well-known internationally, the most traditional music and dance genres in Colombia are only well-known within our borders. Most of us grew up with many songs and dances we know by heart because they were (and are) always around. I can’t think of anything more Colombian than our music, especially because its genres are divided further into sub-genres, with each one being unique and special depending on its location. Bambuco I know well because it’s the most prominent genre in the Andean region (where Bogotá is located and most of Colombia’s population as well) and I grew up listening and dancing to it thanks to my grandparents and to school presentations!
Bambuco is pretty much a fusion between Spanish and indigenous styles (though it does have African roots as well). In fact, it’s beat structure is very similar to the European waltz or polka. It became extremely popular all over Colombia between the 1920s and the 1930s. Nowadays, its popularity is not as it used to be, but at the same time, it has impacted many other modern genres.
As I mentioned before, bambuco is the most representative genre in the Andean zone and it differs from genres like cumbia, currulao, or joropo (by the way, read my articles about them). Why? The region. Andean territories are colder, yet beautiful, and their culture is very different from the other regions. Trust me, Caribbean is one thing; Andean is another.
Bambuco also has its own festival and beauty pageant (I know, it sounds weird, but one thing you need to know is that Colombia has beauty pageants for everything, even avocados!). It’s celebrated in Neiva (another Colombian city located southwest of Bogotá about five hours away by bus or forty minutes by airplane) during the last two weeks of June (this year, it’s June 15th-July 1st) and it’s called The Festival Folclórico, Reinado Nacional Del Bambuco y Muestra Internacional de Folclor.
Style of music and instruments
Bambuco is usually performed by duos or trios playing different guitars and accompanied by singing. As it has Spanish influences, guitars are the main part of bambuco’s melodies, but rather than being traditional, they have other characteristics to create different and unique sounds.
In bambuco, you can find string, percussion, and wind instruments. Here are some of the most characteristic ones: (read my article about traditional Colombian instruments to know more):
- Tiple: derived from the Spanish vihuela, the tiple is the most representative instrument of the Andean music. It’s a 12-stringed guitar used for rhythm and
harmony,and played with the technique of rasgeo, which involves striking and damping to produce a marked percussion effect.
- Bandola Andina: pear-shaped guitar with four-double string courses used for melodies and rhythm.
- Panderetas (tambourines): a legacy from the Spanish, these tambourines are played without rattles and have a small round shape (also popularly played at Christmas, read about it here).
- Flauta de caña (cane flute): made of a single cane, pierced with a red-hot brand or iron. It’s played sideways and embodies the indigenous legacy of the bambuco.
- Tambor (
caja, redoblante): a type of snare-drum with a cylindrical body and played with a couple of strikers. Smaller than the tambora, it also has a high pitch.
- Tambora (
bombo): a bass drum with a cylindrical body and played with strikers as well. With its bigger body, it’s one of the most common percussion instruments in Colombian music.
Bambuco has sub-genres or categories which are also well-known among the Andean region: torbellino, sanjuanero, guabina, pasillo, and bunde.
Style of dance
Bambuco is primarily a couple’s dance with moments of brief, delicate contact between dancers, just like the waltz. It’s associated with love, showing the process of a romance through four stages:
- The invitation
- The flirting
- The pursuit (sometimes a kiss might be stolen here)
- The union
The costumes are beautiful and very traditional as well: women usually wear a white, long skirt decorated with flowers and colors, and men wear a white shirt and black pants with a hat and a red bandana for the “love chase.” In fact, these types of costumes are also a great Colombian souvenir to take back home!
Watch this video to see a great demonstration of bambuco’s dance!
Famous musicians and groups
Sadly, bambuco has been suffering a loss of popularity among new generations of music like hip-hop, reggaetón, and bachata. That’s why its musicians, groups, and bands are only well-known nationally. But if you want to be delighted by the beautiful melodies of bambuco (which I always do when I listen to it in my house), listen to these songs:
- El Colombiano Sabor by Trío Morales Pino (this is actually an entire album but it’s completely worth the listen as it shows bambuco in its purest form!)
- Me llevarás en ti by Jorge Villamil (beautifully composed, I think this song transmits an inspiring feeling!)
- La “china” que yo tenía by Los Carrangueros de Ráquira (this just makes me want to move around, airing the long skirt you use when dancing bambuco!)
- Soy Colombiano by Rafael Godoy (this reminds me A LOT of my grandparents and it’s also considered a national anthem because its lyrics are about Colombian pride)
If you want to listen to more bambuco songs, check out this Spotify list.
My best recommendation to have the full experience of bambuco is
Part of really getting to know a country is to get in touch with its music, as there’s no better manifestation of life, culture, traditions, and good vibes. Experiencing our traditional music and dances, such as bambuco, is a crucial part of understanding our identity, plus, I guarantee it will be a lot of fun!
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